The country leads in rice and pig meat production, and it is among three largest producers of milk, chicken and beef. China is the fourth largest agricultural producer exporter at $58 billion (Sh5.8 trillion).
Rapid economic growth has enabled China to halve the number of malnourished people since 1980s. However, 150 million Chinese still suffer hunger, mainly in rural areas.
2. United States
The US is the largest producer of milk, chicken and beef, and second producer of pork. It is the largest agricultural exporter with exports estimated at $110 billion (Sh11 trillion) in 2014.
The country also holds the top place as the greatest meat consumer per capita, and is among countries which throw away the largest amount of food despite 48 million Americans living in food insecure households.
Brazil is among the top five producers of milk, pork and beef. It is the ninth largest economy in the world mainly due to agriculture production which accounts for large share of its Gross Domestic Product. The country has managed to reduce child malnutrition by 73 per cent.
India is the second largest producer of milk and rice. It also ranks high as chicken and beef producer. Despite the fact that India can boast about its agriculture development, as well as economic growth of 6.9 per cent between 2013 and 2014, 30 per cent of children are underweight.
Like in other countries on the list, food waste is a major problem in India – about 40 per cent of produced food ends up in the bin.
After the West imposed economic sanction to Russia because of its involvement in Ukraine crises, President Vladimir Putin responded by banning food imports from EU, US and other countries which have blamed him for crisis in Ukraine.
It is hard to translate the effects of these mutual sanction into money, but it is evident that Russian ban has created significant problems for EU farmers who don’t know what to do with food produced for Russian market.
France is among top ten countries in production of milk and beef, and among top 20 chicken and pork producers. Eighteen per cent of total EU food production comes from France and it is world’s fifth largest agricultural exporter.
In combating food waste earlier this year, France introduced a law which bans supermarket from throwing away and destroying unsold food but donate the food to charities.
The country’s agricultural export is estimated at more than $10 billion (Sh1 trillion), with annual agriculture production growth of 1.67 per cent.
One of Mexico’s main markets is the US where it exports 30 per cent . Although 36 per cent of children suffer from malnutrition in Mexico, more than third of produced food is wasted.
Japanese mostly consume rice and fish, but eat less meat compared to US and EU citizens. Food exports hit a record last year due to increase of 11.1 per cent, and were valued at 611.7 billion yen. Japan is also struggling with food waste since up to 23 million tonnes of food is thrown away annually.
As one of the highest developed countries in the world, it has been one of the largest meat consumers in the world; each year 60 kgs of meat is consumed per person.
Interestingly, Germany strongly opposes genetical modified organisms (GMO), and earlier this year made a move to stop GMO crop cultivation.
The country also has one of the highest export growth rate in the world because agricultural export has trippled during last decade.
Like other countries on the list, Turkey is trying to tackle the problem of food waste. Recently, Turkish agriculture minister urged people to stop throwing away food. Every year 1.3 million tonnes of food ends up in bins.